A U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' project covers 31,000 acres, with 13,250 acres of water surface, which is about nine miles long and has 75 miles of shoreline, makes Harlan County Lake, Nebraska's second largest lake, and is open to public access all year long. The Corps maintains six established campgrounds with 542 camping pads, primitive camping is allowed on most of the federal property around the lake, and it doesn't require a state permit to camp. Truly a sportsmans paradise, Harlan County Lake is considered the finest walleye fishery in Nebraska. The Lake is also known for white bass, wipers, catfish, crappie, largemouth, and northern pike. Harlan County is also home to excellent pheasant, quail, dove, duck, goose, turkey, rabbit, whitetail and mule deer hunting, along with the furbearers raccoon, coyote, and bobcat.